Anarchist Studies Network

A PSA Specialist Group for the Study of Anarchism.

Announcements

ASN members secure £250k research grant from the ESRC. See here

Rowman & Littlefield Int publish two book series by ASN members Saul Newman and Ruth Kinna

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Abad de Santillan, Diego (1937). After the Revolution: Economic Reconstruction in Spain Today. Trans. Louis Frank. New York: Greenberg Publisher, Inc. <--online at http://membres.lycos.fr/anarchives/site/syndic/aftertherevolution.htm .

- - - (1993). "La conquista de la energía." Anthropos: Boletín de información y documentación 36: 51-54.

- - - (1993). "Consejo local de la economía." Anthropos: Boletín de información y documentación 36: 31-33.

- - - (1993). "El dinero y el salario." Anthropos: Boletín de información y documentación 36: 33-36.

- - - (1993). "Economía y libertad." Anthropos: Boletín de información y documentación 36: 43-47.

- - - (1993). "La organización profesional de la sociedad, una estructura representativa." Anthropos: Boletín de información y documentación 36: 126-131.

- - - (1949). "Socialización de la economia española por los sindicatos y colectividades agraias e industrias." La Campana 80: ??-??. <--Reprinted in Anthropos: Boletín de información y documentación 36 (1993), pp. 92-104.

- - - (1998). "Two Views of 'Libertarian Communism': Utopia or Economic Integration." No Gods No Masters: An Anthology of Anarchism 2. Ed. Daniel Guérin. Trans. Paul Sharkey. Oakland, CA: AK Press. 101-103.

- - - and Juan Lazarte (1933). Reconstrucción social: nueva edificación económica argentina. Buenos Aires: Ediciones Nervio.

Alaíz, Felipe (1946). Economía Federable. Bordeaux: Tierra y Libertad.

- - - (1937). Por una economía solidaria entre el campo y la ciudad. Barcelona: Oficinas de Propaganda CNT-FAI.

- - - (1935). El problema de la tierra. Reforma agraria y expropiación social. Barcelona: La Revista Blanca.

Acharya, M.P.T. (1947). Principles of Non-Violent Economics. Calcutta: International University of Non-Violence.

Anonymous (1968). Ce que pensent les anarchistes sur la révolution et l’organisation de l’économie sur la société future. Anarchisme et marxisme-léninisme [congrès de Carrare]. Toulouse: suppl. à Espoir.

- - - (1935). Le Communisme libertaire. Précis d'économie libertaire. Juan-les-Pins: Éd. du Travailleur libertaire.

Armand, E. (1934). "Monnaie." Encyclopédie anarchiste. Ed. Sébastien Faure. Paris: Librairie internationale. 1624-1626.

Baldelli, Giovanni (1971). Social Anarchism. Chicago: Aldine, Atherton. <--Opening section describes a theory of "ethical capital" -- not capitalism somehow made ethical, but the quantity of good will within a community that can be accumulated, "invested," or lost -- with similarities to the sociological notion of "social capital" (at least as defined by sociologists like Robert Putnam, who describes it as the fabric of "trust, norms, and networks . . . facilitating coordinated action"). The second section goes on to build a moral theory about how an economy would have to be organized so as to maximize the production and conservation of ethical capital -- i.e., according to norms of justice.

Bihr, Alain (2006). "Aux origines du capitalisme: par delà le fétichisme libéral du marché." Divergences 4. <--Excerpt from La Préhistoire du capital (Lausanne: Page deux, 2006).

- - - (2008). "Les services publics face à la mondialisation néolibérale." Introduction à la conférence-débat "Les services publics face à la mondialisation néolibérale" organisée par les étudiants de l’université Marc-Bloch de Strasbourg en lutte contre la loi LRU. <--Video of a lecture on "Public Services In the Age of Neoliberal Globalization."

Birrell, Neil (1995). "Land and Liberty in Mexico." The Raven 30: ??-??.

- - - (1995). "Some Notes For an Anarchist Theory of Trade." The Raven 8.3.31: 247-261. <--Very incisive critique of the theory of competitive advantage. Available online at http://www.spunk.org/texts/pubs/freedom/raven/sp001755.html .

Bonaiuti, Mauro (2002). "À propos de l’œuvre de Georgescu-Roegen: Demain, la décroissance." Réfractions 9: 125-129. <--On theories of economic development. Georgescu-Roegen is a theorist of "bioeconomy." Online at http://www.plusloin.org/refractions/refractions9/16BonaiutiGeoreRoeg.pdf .

Bookchin, Murray (1986). Municipalization: Community Ownership of the Economy. Burlington, VT: Green Program Project. <--Originally published in Green Perspectives 2 (February 1986). Online at http://dwardmac.pitzer.edu/Anarchist_Archives/bookchin/gp/perspectives2.html .

Borsodi, Ralph (1927). The Distribution Age: A Study of the Economy of Modern Distribution. New York: D. Appleton and Co. <--an influence on the brothers Goodman. Online at http://www.soilandhealth.org/03sov/0303critic/030308borsodi.dist.age/030308toc.htm .

- - - (1929). This Ugly Civilization. New York: Simon and Schuster. <--online at http://www.soilandhealth.org/03sov/0303critic/030302borsodi.ugly/030302borsodi.toc.html .

Boston Anarchist Drinking Brigade (1998). "Anarchist Economics." Total Liberty 1.3: ??-??.

Breitbas, Myrna (1981). "Aproximacion a una neuva organizacion del espacio y la economia rural: los colectivos agraios espanoles." Metodos y Conceptos en Geografia Rural. Ed. M.D. Garcia Ramon. Barcelona: oikos-tau. 157-170.

Buick, Adam and John Crump (1986). State Capitalism: The Wages System Under New Management. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Macmillan.

Cafiero, Carlo (2005). "Anarchy and Communism." Anarchism: A Documentary History of Libertarian Ideas. Vol. 1, From Anarchy to Anarchism (300CE to 1939). Montréal: Black Rose Books. 109-114.

Cardella, Antonio (2009). "La vera dinamica del capitalismo." Rivista Anarchica 39.346 (estate).

Cardona Rosell, Mariano (1937). Aspectos económicos de nuestra revolución. Conferencia en el cine Coliseum de Barcelona el 31 de enero de 1937. Barcelona, Oficinas de Propaganda CNT-FAI.

Carvalho Ferreira, José Maria (2003). "Economia libertária e suas perspectivas." Revista Utopia 16: 35-51.

Chazoff, J. (1934). "Économie." Encyclopédie anarchiste. Ed. Sébastien Faure. Paris: Librairie internationale. 627-629.

Civera, Marín (1930). La formación de la economia política. Valencia: Cuad. de Cultura.

- - - (1931). El sindicalismo. Historia. Filosofía. Economía. Valencia: El autor.

- - - (1936). El sindicalismo y la economía actual. Madrid: Martosa.

CNT (1937). Consejo Local de Economía de Barcelona: Congreso Económico Confederal. S.l., Consejo Local de Economía.

Cohn, Jesse S. (2006). "The Critique of Economy as Representation." Anarchism and the Crisis of Representation: Hermeneutics, Aesthetics, Politics. Selinsgrove, PA: Susquehanna University Press. 216-229.

Cooper, Bernard (1998). "Struggles Against the MAI -- Towards an Anarchist Understanding." Atlantic Anarchist Circle Newsletter 5: 2-4. <--"Written in consultation with various anarchists in Montréal, notably Jaggi Singh and Patrick Borden." Proposes, in brief, the outlines of an anti-statist as well as anti-capitalist critique of the Multilateral Agreement on Investments (MAI) and of neoliberal "globalization" in general.

Creagh, Ronald (2004). "Misère de l'économie, économie de misère." L'Imagination dérobée. Lyon: Atelier de création libertaire. 159-175. <--Originally in Réfractions, Automne-Hiver 2002, pp. 7-16, online at http://www.plusloin.org/refractions/refractions9/02creagh.pdf . Abstract: "Anarchist thought on economy is compared with economics. The latter has failed if one considers its aims. Indeed, making the 'economy of poverty' can be understood in two ways: 'suppressing poverty' or 'observing the economy of poor countries.' Economics is incapable of doing either. By comparison, libertarian ideas don’t form a doctrine. Anarchist theorists and activists obviously challenge such major concepts of economics as property rights and the profit motive; however, their approach to society and social organization has a different and distinct basis. Rather than analyzing the 'economic whole' they instead devote their attention to the entire set of social relations."

Crump, John (1976). A Contribution to the Critique of Marx. London: Social Revolution.

- - - (1995). "Markets, Money and Social Change." Anarchist Studies 3.1: 69-74.

- - - (2003). Nikkeiren and Japanese Capitalism. London: Routledge. <--"This book provides a history of Nikkeiren (the Japanese Federation of Managers' Organizations) from its formation in 1948 to its merger with Kiedanren (the Federation of Economic Organizations) in 2002 and an account of postwar capitalists development in Japan. The author challenges the principal interpretations of how the economy functions, revealing a darker side of Japanese capitalism in his examination of the roles played by class power, manipulation and mystification -- the purposes of the Nikkeiren."

- - - (1999). "Reforming Capitalism: The Endless Treadmill." Anarchist Studies 7.1: 82-85.

Damien, Robert (2001). "Transport ferroviaire et ordre politique: Proudhon, une pensée philosophique des réseaux?" Penser les réseaux. Ed. Daniel Parrochia. Seyssel, France: Champ Vallon. 218-232. <--excellent, insightful reading of Proudhon as an economic thinker of "networks."

Delouvrier (1956). "Politique économique de la France." Noir & Rouge 4: ??-??.

Díaz Naranjo, José Luis (2007). "La Propiedad y la economía." La Libertad 1.3: 8-12. <--Online at http://www.asambleadelpueblocr.org/documentos/lalibertad3.pdf .

Dieudonné, Marcel (1965). Le Néant monétaire. Au service d'une économie libertaire. Saint-Etienne: Éd. de l’Homme libre.

Dillard, Dudley (1942). "Keynes and Proudhon." Journal of Economic History 2: ??-??.

Do, Jean-Louis (2002). "Du SEL au SELT. Du système d’échange local au système d’échange local au temps." Réfractions 9: 69-75. <--"SEL" = "Systeme d’Echange Local," a trading system inspired by Michael Linton's Local Exchange Trading System (LETS). Online at http://www.plusloin.org/refractions/refractions9/08SELauSELTJLDo.pdf . Abstract: "Is it possible to reject the dominant model at the local level? In 1994 the first SEL (Local Exchange System) in France was created. Very quickly the limits of this alternative became evident. The local participants tended to engage in the same habits of domination that one finds in the commercial sphere. In Lodève (Department of Hérault), a town in the south of France, a SELT (Local Time Exchange System) was established that attempted to go further in the search for viable local alternatives. Taking into account the limitations of the SEL, the SELT attempted to create a system of value based on time that would avoid the reproduction of inequalities. This experiment allowed the participants to go beyond the logic of the SEL and to redefine economic and social relations at the local level. Is it possible that such new forms of realizing economic and social potential at the local level are the only effective means of fighting against the effects of globalization?"

Fábregas Llauró, Juan P.[orqueras] (1937). Los factores económicos de la Revolución Española. Conferencia pronunciada en el cine Coliseum de Barcelona el 14 de marzo de 1937. Barcelona: Oficinas de Propaganda CNT-FAI.

- - - (1937). Els factors económics de la revolució, proleg d'en Gonzal de Reparaz. Barcelona: Bosch.

- - - (1937). Les finances de la Revolució. Barcelona: Bosch, 1937.

- - - (1937). Las finanzas de la revolución. Conferencia en Valencia..., 25 de marzo de 1937. Valencia, s.n.

Farbman, M[ichael S]. (1931). El esfuerzo ruso. La revolución agraria. Ed. M.Civera. Valencia: "Orto".

Faure, Sébastien, ed. (1934). "Déterminisme économique." Encyclopédie anarchiste. Paris: Librairie internationale. 554.

Fromentin, Alfred (1917). Réorganisation scientifique des rapports politiques et économiques des nations. Genève: Imp. A. Kundig.

Gandini, Jean-Jacques (2002). "Actualité de la pensée de François Partant." Réfractions 9: 115-118. <--On theories of economic development. Online at http://www.plusloin.org/refractions/refractions9/13GandiniPartant.pdf .

Gastoni, Marco (2009-2010). "L'Economia partecipativa in pillole." Rivista Anarchica 39.349 (dicembre-gennaio). <--on Michael Albert's "Parecon."

- - - (2009). "La sfida anarchica all’economia." Rivista Anarchica 39.348 (novembre).

George, William H. (1922). "Proudhon and Economic Federalism." Journal of Political Economy 30: ??-??.

Gide, Charles (1919). ''Cours d'économie politique. Tome 1''. Paris: Librairie de la Société du Recueil Sirey. <--Note: Gide (1847-1932) was a Christian socialist and a friend of Léon Walras; however, as a proponent of cooperatives, he also fell into the orbit occupied by anarchists of his time, e.g., in the Universités Populaires.

- - - (1919). ''Cours d'économie politique. Tome 2''. Paris: Librairie de la Société du Recueil Sirey.

- - - (2002). ''Les modes socialistes''. Paris: Groupe Maurice-Joyeux. <--Previously published in La Rue 16 (1973), published by the Groupe Louise-Michel.

- - - (1931). ''Principes d'économie politique''. Paris: Librairie du Recueil Sirey.

- - - and Charles Rist (1948). A History of Economic Doctrines from the Time of the Physiocrats to the Present Day. Boston: D.C. Heath.

Gilet, Bernard (2002). "Un exemple d’alternative: les SEL." Réfractions 9: 63-67. <--"SEL" = "Systeme d’Echange Local," a trading system inspired by Michael Linton's Local Exchange Trading System (LETS). Online at http://www.plusloin.org/refractions/refractions9/07lessel.pdf . Abstract: "When they were created in 1994 the French SEL’s appeared to be a significant economic and social alternative. However, despite their rapid development over the past eight years, their record seems unimpressive. There is no doubt that they play an important role socially by strengthening social ties that have been disintegrating. On the other hand they have remained marginal economically, concerning themselves with recycling products, while initiating few if any specific forms of production of their own. Despite this weakness, they have wholeheartedly enlisted in the struggle against global capitalism."

Giornal, José (2002). "Défaire le développement, refaire le monde." Réfractions 9: 119-122. <--Online at http://www.plusloin.org/refractions/refractions9/14JoseGiornal.pdf . Abstract: "Survey of the Colloquium 'Défaire le développement Refaire le monde,' on the destructive character of the dominant model of economic development on third world countries in particular and the possible alternatives offered, held at the UNESCO in Paris (Feb/March 2002) at the initiative of La Ligne d’horizon and the Monde diplomatique. It appears that Western aid programs, financial or other tend to disrupt local systems of resistance and self-reliance, simple 'poverty' regressing into a state of material, social and cultural destitution. Subsequently a new awareness is called for."

Giroud, Gabriel [a.k.a. G. Hardy] (1904). Population et subsistances. Essai d'arithmétique économique. Paris: C. Reinwald.

Gobron, Gabriel (1937). Jean Peuple bâtit la Cité. Les principes de la nouvelle économie sociale à base distributive. Paris: La Brochure mensuelle.

González-Blanco, Pedro (1931). La tierra de España y la reforma agraria. Valencia: L. Morote.

Goodman, Paul and Percival (1960). Communitas: Means of Livelihood and Ways of Life. New York: Vintage Books.

Goodman, Percival (1977). The Double E. Garden City, N.Y.: Anchor Press. <--as in "economy" and "ecology."

Goujon, G. (1934). "Monnaie." Encyclopédie anarchiste. Ed. Sébastien Faure. Paris: Librairie internationale. 1623-1624.

Graeber, David (2001). Toward an Anthropological Theory of Value the False Coin of Our Own Dreams. New York: Palgrave. <--Profound and insightful, grounded in empirical research and high theory; unfortunately fails to draw on the anarchist archives, however, and thus reinvents the wheel a bit on some points. Nonetheless, indispensable.

Guillen, Abraham (1963). 25 años de economía franquista; análisis económico de un régimen. Buenos Aires, Editorial Periplo.

- - - (n.d.). Anarchist Economics: An Alternative for a World in Crisis. Trans. Richard Cleminson & Ron Marsden. Johannesburg: Zabalaza Books. <--PDF online at http://www.zabalaza.net/pdfs/varpams/anok_economics.pdf .

- - - (1972). La caida del dolar: el derrumbe del F.M.I. Montevideo: Aconcagua.

- - - (1967). El dilema económico de América Latina. Montevideo: Nativa Libros.

- - - (1990). Economía autogestionaria. Madrid: Fundación de Estudios Libertarios A. Lorenzo.

- - - (1962). El imperialismo del dólar, América Latina: revolución o alienación. Buenos Aires: A. Peña Lillo.

- - - (1956). Monopolios y latifundios contra la economía argentina, como salir de la crisis estructural. Buenos Aires, Comisión Nacional de Homenaje a Lisandro de la Torre.

- - - (1969). El neo-imperialismo de la URSS : el Kremlim [sic] hace en el COMECON lo que los yanquis en el FMI. Montevideo: Ediciones Provincias Unidas.

- - - (1957). La oligarquía y el imperialismo: dos males de la economía argentina. Buenos Aires: Comisión Nacional de Homenaje a Lisandro de la Torre.

- - - (1970). Pesca industrial y desarrollo económico; el mar: riqueza virgen del Uruguay. Montevideo: Universidad del Trabajo del Uruguay, Departamento de Documentación e Información.

- - - (n.d.). Principles of Libertarian Economy. Trans. Jeff Stein. Johannesburg: Zabalaza Books. <--PDF online at http://www.ultimorecurso.org/drupi/files/Abraham%20Guillen%20-%20Principles%20Of%20Libertarian%20Economy.pdf

- - - (1972). Socialismo de autogestión; de la utopia a la realidad. Montevideo, Editorial Aconcagua.

Hall, B. N. (1975). "The Economic Theories of Stephen Pearl Andrews: Neglected Utopian Writer." South African Journal of Economics 43.1: 45-55.

Hallam, Roger (1990). Anarchist Economics: Building Successful Social Alternatives. Birmingham, UK: s.n.

Hiper, A. (1936). "Ojeada sobre Economía y Finanzas Argentinas." Nervio 4.45: 18-20.

Illich, Ivan (1974). Energy and Equity. New York: Harper & Row. <--Not necessarily anarchist, but certainly a decentralist socialist perspective, influential for many anarchists in the 1970s and 1980s.

- - - (1973). Retooling Society. Cuernavaca: Centro Intercultural de Documentacion.

- - - (1978). The Right to Useful Unemployment and Its Professional Enemies. London: Marion Boyars.

- - - (1981). Shadow Work. Boston: M. Boyars. <--Critique of conventional economics from a feminist standpoint.

- - - (1973). Tools for Conviviality. New York: Harper & Row.

- - - (1978). Toward a History of Needs. New York: Pantheon Books.

- - - et al (1977). Disabling Professions. London: Marion Boyars.

Karmin, Otto (1911). Tableaux chronologiques pour servir à l'étude de l'histoire des systèmes économiques et socialistes de 1500 à 1886. Paris: Lib. Rivière.

Kropotkin, Peter (1996). Fields, Factories, and Workshops. Montréal: Black Rose Books.

Knowles, Rob (2004). Political Economy from Below: Economic Thought in Communitarian Anarchism, 1840-1914. London: Routledge.

Komadina, Céline Geffroy (2002). "L'économie participative à Huancarani, une communauté bolivienne." Réfractions 9: 91-100. <--Online at http://www.plusloin.org/refractions/refractions9/11Geoffroy%20Huanka.pdf . Abstract: "'The poor person has nothing. He is an orphan.' Poverty is not only material; it is also symbolic. The poor person is not only someone who has very little or nothing ; but just as much someone who has no one. In the context of an economy of reciprocity, the poor person is someone who cannot make use of the labor power of his kin, who cannot depend on his own, and whose access to various resources is therefore restricted. In pre-Colombian society, in which there was no circulation of money and in which agricultural life required the massive participation of families, the poor person was someone who did not have the benefit of close family ties, who did not have kin at his disposal. In short, the orphan embodied the very image of poverty. Today, the ubiquity of the market economy today complicates the situation and introduces new aspects to the problematic: for example, the need for money in order to have access to goods sold on the market rather than produced by the community."

Landauer, Gustav (1986). "Das Petroleum-Weltmonopol." Signatur: g.l.: Gustav Landauer im "Sozialist": Aufsätze über Kultur, Politik und Utopie (1892-1899). Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp. 148-152. <--Originally in Der Sozialist, Sept. 29, 1895.

- - - (1986). "Referat über Eugen Dührings Kursus der National- und Sozial-Ökonomie." Signatur: g.l.: Gustav Landauer im "Sozialist": Aufsätze über Kultur, Politik und Utopie (1892-1899). Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp. 89-96. <--Originally in Der Sozialist, Aug. 27, 1892.

Langlois, Jacques (2007). "Banque et mondialisation." Divergences 7.

- - - (2008). "Connards de chômeurs." Divergences 11. <--(English: roughly, "The Lazy-Bastard Unemployed.")

- - - (2007). "Dette des pays du Tiers-Monde (PTM) et mondialisation financière." Divergences 6. <--(English: "Third World Debt and Financial Globalization.") A collection of articles on the topic, including "Le problème de la dette," "De quelques chiffres éloquents et effarants" On Some Eloquent and Frightening Statistics, "Histoire de la dette," "Causes exogènes, extérieures ou indépendantes de la volonté des PTM" Exogenous Causes, External to or Independent of the Wills of the Third World Nations, "Causes endogènes" ["Endogenous Causes", and a "LEXIQUE."

- - - (2007). "Droit et mondialisation." Divergences 7.

- - - (2006). "Fiches de documentation." Divergences 4. <--A collection of short articles on the global economy, including "Le FMI," "Le G 8 (groupe des huit)," " La mondialisation financière," "L’organisation de coopération et de développement économique (OCDE)," "L’organisation mondiale du commerce OMC," "La Banque Mondiale," and "Le vocabulaire de la finance."

- - - (2008). "La folie des subprimes: ou la folie spéculative." Divergences 11.

- - - (2007). "Le Groupe Carlyle." Divergences 5.

- - - (2008). "Les LBO: le vol organisé." Divergences 11. <--(English: "LBOs: Organized Theft." LBO stands for "Leveraged Buy Out.")

- - - (2008). "Lexique de la finance en crise." Divergences 11.

- - - (2001). Le libéralisme totalitaire: Ou de la réduction uniforme et universelle de toute vie sociale à l'économisme et à l'individualisme au nom de la liberté. Paris: L'Harmattan.

- - - (2007). "Mondialisation et électricité." Divergences 5.

- - - (2007). "Mondialisation et paradis fiscaux." Divergences 5.

- - - (2006). "La Phynance." Divergences 2.

- - - (2006). "Un art politique: les statistiques."

Lanza, Luciano (2003). "Ajustar as contas com a Economia." Revista Utopia 16: ??-??.

- - - (2001). "Bref voyage dans l’économie qui n’existe pas." Réfractions 7: ??-??.

- - - (2009). "Cura di Stato per la crisi economica." Rivista Anarchica 39.345 (giugno).

- - - (1986). "Domination and 'the Economic.'" Thinking As Anarchists: Selected Writings from Volontà. Ed. April Retter et al. Milano: Centro Studi Libertari. ??-??.

- - - (1986). "Beyond the Economic: Starting Points for a Utopian Conception of Economics." Thinking As Anarchists: Selected Writings from Volontà. Ed. April Retter et al. Milano: Centro Studi Libertari. ??-??.

Latouche, Serge (2002). "Le marché, l’agora et l’acropole. Se réapproprier le marché." Réfractions 9: 17-26. <--Online at http://www.plusloin.org/refractions/refractions9/02creagh.pdf . Abstract: "An escape from the economy requires a challenge to its domination of the rest of life, both in theory and in practice, and above all its domination of our own minds.This obviously implies the rejection and supersession of private ownership of the means of production and the unlimited accumulation of capital. This must in turn result in an end to development, since its foundational myths – specifically those of growth and progress – will have disappeared.The economy will enter a period of both contraction and decline.The construction of a more just society will require a rebirth of conviviality and the establishment of forms of production that are more limited quantitatively but more far-reaching qualitatively. Today we encounter such madness as the enormous waste involved in the transport of people and products across the planet, the resulting environmental devastation, the useless hype of advertising, and the proliferation of throwaway products and those with increasingly shorter life spans. All of this has no rationale other than making the infernal mega-machine operate at an ever more rapid pace, and therefore offers considerable potential for the future reduction of material consumption. The only effective way to attack our standard of living is by creating a higher level of well-being."

Laurat, Lucien (1931). La economía soviética. Trans. Salvador Quemades. Madrid: M. Aguilar. <--A Marxist economist who collaborated in the anarchist review Orto in the 1930s.

Lazarte, Juan (1934). Socializacion de la medicina: estructurando una nueva sanidad. Buenos Aires: IMAN.

Leval, Gaston [a.k.a. Pedro R. Piller] (1935). Conceptos económicos en el socialismo libertario. Buenos Aires: Imán.

- - - (1931). Problemas economicos de la revolución social española. Barcelona: Liberación. <--Other editions: Rosario, Talleres Gráficos Pomponio (1932); Valencia, Estudios, (1932).

Lindenfeld, Frank (1997). "Economics for Anarchists." Review of Whole Life Economics by Barbara Brandt, Invested in the Common Good by Susan Meeker-Lowry, Time Dollars by Edgar Cahn and Jonathan Rowe, and New Money for Healthy Communities by Thomas H. Greco, Jr. Social Anarchism 23: 23-28.

- - - (1994). Review of Looking Forward: Participatory Economics for the Twenty-First Century by Michael Albert and Robin Hahel. Social Anarchism 19: 80-84.

Llena, Claude (2002). "Économie populaire, laboratoire de la post-modernité ou forme ultime du capitalisme?" Réfractions 9: 35-47. <--Online at http://www.plusloin.org/refractions/refractions9/05Llena.pdf . Abstract: "The enforced globalization of the planet has marginalized a large segment of the population that has consequently resorted to participation in the informal economy as a means of insuring its survival. Such economic activity operates outside the concepts of efficiency and rationality and the administrative and fiscal regulation of the dominant model. It thus appears to be a natural recourse for the victims of maldevelopment. Does such activity circumvent the State through a rejection of its model of distribution? Does it promote forms of organization independent of the market and marketing, by showing that one can provide for one’s own needs? In other words, does it constitute an economic network that offers an autonomizing alternative, no longer founded on a rationality of economic efficiency but rather on reason? Will this alternative be capable of changing the quality of the relationships of production at the most basic level? Moreover, can it be looked upon as a laboratory in which the participants use their experience to create a self-organization of production and consumption that circumvents both the State and market mechanisms? Or rather, is the market economy strong enough to tolerate and even co-opt structures of production that are organized into a kind of parallel market that seeks to eliminate State regulation?"

López Sánchez, Juan (193-?). Cómo organizará el sindicato a la sociedad. El poder económico… Barcelona: Ediciones Populares.

Marchand, Alain (2002). "Improbable économie solidaire." Réfractions 9: 27-34. <--Online at http://www.plusloin.org/refractions/refractions9/04Marchand.pdf . Abstract: "A social economy based on solidarity is invoked constantly in the quest for social transformation and the search for social alternatives. In its popularized version, this concept is also called upon to restore meaning to economic activity. It seeks to reweave the torn social fabric, reestablish the democratic project, and revive an active, citizenship at the most basic level. But isn’t this attempt to create a new basis for the economic, the political and the social going to get lost in the shuffle at a time when powerful institutions such as multinationals, banks, and pension funds are also expressing ethical concerns?"

Markland, Dave (2006). "The Spanish Anarchists, Through a Participatory Lens." Vancouver Participatory Economics Collective.

Martínez, Miguel (1913). "La procreación limitada y consciente y el problema económico." Salud y Fuerza 55: ??-??.

Matéos, Georges (2002). "L’expérience historique des Bourses du travail." Réfractions 9: 49-62. <--Online at http://www.plusloin.org/refractions/refractions9/06MateosBourses.pdf . Abstract: "After an introductory dialogue between three people about the French presidential elections, an historical (and theoretical) explanation is offered about the anarchist (political) abstention, which dates from the beginnings of the 3d Republic and was linked to the (economic) alternative of the Bourses du travail. A cursory view of the Bourses creative effort is presented. This is followed by a brief analysis of the causes of its cessation. The conclusion compares the harmfulness of past and contemporary left politicians. The appendix refers to the subversive imagination in order to suggest the indispensable myth for the 21st century."

Maurepas, Lucien (2002). "L’économie informelle en Haïti: entre domination, créativité et utopie." Réfractions 9: 101-113. <--Online at http://www.plusloin.org/refractions/refractions9/12Maurepas.pdf . Abstract: "The Haitian informal economy is developing within a society undergoing rapid transformation and pervasive urbanization resulting from an exodus from rural areas over the past twenty years. This economy reflects the nature of contemporary Haitian society and its modes of political, social and economic organization. Since its independence in 1804, this society has never been able to establish a sound model of political development or social equity.The system of production has always promoted exploitation, domination, and exclusion. Thus, the participants in the informal sector work at once for their own survival and for the circumventing of these social conditions. However, they often run up against forces that support the market, notably, the various agencies of the state.Moreover, hate and violence often characterize the relations between social and economic agents. The informal sector is subject to many pressures and uncertainties, and it develops only with increasing difficulty."

Mella, Ricardo (1945). El colectivismo: sus fundamentos cientificos. Argel: Ediciones Libertarias Africa del Norte.

Merlino, Francisco Saverio (1902). L'integrazione economica. (Esposizione delle dottrine anarchiche). Grosseto: "Etruria".

- - - (1888). Manualetto di scienza economica ad uso degli operai. Firenze: Tip. G. Campolmi.

- - - (1906). Socialismo o monopolismo? Saggio critico del sistema economico vigente. Dati scientifici del socialismo. Schizzo d'un ordinamento comunistico-anarchico. Confutazione delle obiezioni in voga contro il socialismo. Roma: "Il Pensiero".

Mignard, Patrick (2006). "L’ 'hérésie marchande.'" Divergences 2. <--On the hypocrisy of corporate hysteria over "counterfeiting" of brands.

- - - (2006). "Les habits fripés de l’antiliberalisme." Divergences 2. <--(English: "Antiliberalism's Borrowed Clothes.") Attacks the "antiliberal" stance popular on the left (i.e., opposition to laissez-faire or "liberal" trade policies) as tough-sounding but actually vague and co-opted.

Mintz, Frank (1992). "El pensamiento de Santillán sobre la transformación económica revolucionaria, la guerra civil y la violencia." Anthropos 138: 23-44.

Molinari, Ettore [a.k.a. Hector Molinari] (1934). Les Deux Voies. Facteurs économiques du succès de la révolution sociale. Paris: Groupe de propagande par la brochure. <--Original Italian: "I fattori economici pel successo della rivoluzione sociale" in Contro la monarchia (with Errico Malatesta's "Le due vie"). Luigi Fabbri praised this work highly.

Moltó Moltó, Salomé, and José Peirats Valls (1986). Una nueva economía: socialización y colectividades Alcoyanas 1936-1939. [S.l.]: Gráficas Papallona.

Noja Ruiz, Higinio (1936). "Los consejos de economía." Estudios 159: ??-??.

- - - (1938). Los Consejos de Economía Confederal. Valencia: Consejo Levante Economia Conf.

Orobón Fernández, Valeriano, and Achille Dauphin-Meunier [a.k.a. Pierre Ganivet] (1933). Bases de una economía anarco-comunista. Valencia: Bibl. Social Revolucionaria.

Palomo, Emilio (1930). El uso y abuso de la tierra. Valencia: E. Vich. <--A study of global and Spanish agriculture.

Paniagua Fuentes, Xavier (1979). Educación y economía en el sindicalismo de Marín Civera. Valencia: Instituto del Instituto de Ciencias de la Educación.

Papi, Andrea (2008-2009). "Il capitalismo può cambiare di segno ma non cambia di senso." Rivista Anarchica 38.340 (dicembre 2008-gennaio). <--English translation: "Capitalism Can Change the Sign But Not the Direction." Divergences 13 (Février 2009).

- - - (2009-2010). "La finanza ci regala la sua crisi." Rivista Anarchica 39.349 (dicembre-gennaio).

- - - (2009). "False speranze o risposta radicale." Rivista Anarchica 39.345 (giugno).

Pataud, Émile, and Émile Pouget (1913). Syndicalism and the Co-operative Commonwealth: How We Shall Bring About the Revolution. Trans. Charlotte and Frederic Charles. Oxford, UK: The New International Publishing Co.

Patsouras, Louis (2004). Thorstein Veblen and the American Way of Life. Montréal: Black Rose Books. <--Declares that "Veblen's thought is clearly in the anarchist tradition"!

Pengam, Alain (1987). "Anarcho-Communism." Non-Market Socialism in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Ed. Maximilien Rubel and John Crump. New York: St. Martin's Press. 60-83.

Pierrot, Marc (1907). Travail et surmenage. Paris: Maison des Fédérations, Bibliothèques économiques et syndicalistes. <--Republished 1911 via Publ. des Temps nouveaux.

Prieto, Ruben (2002). "Une autre économie dans une autre société." Trans. Danièle Haas. Réfractions 9: 81-90. <--Online at http://www.plusloin.org/refractions/refractions9/10ComunidaddelSur.pdf . Abstract: "'Returning to the texts,' Ruben Prieto offers us an analysis of the forty-five years of life of the Community of the South in Uruguay. Since its beginnings, which were initiated by a radical critique, its continuation in political exile in Sweden, and its present resettlement, it has developed a cubist viewpoint and attempted to actualise an anticipation of the desired society.This self-managed, communitarian and libertarian project is strongly constrained by an always more demanding economic and social context.The members of the Community of the South acknowledge that a true emancipation is impossible and they are therefore compelled to accept responsibility for the consequences."

Proudhon, Pierre-Joseph (1989). The General Idea of the Revolution in the Nineteenth Century. Trans. John Beverly Robinson. London: Pluto Press. <--Excellent introduction by Robert Graham. Available in facsimile form online at http://fair-use.org/p-j-proudhon/general-idea-of-the-revolution .

- - - (1850). Gratuité du crédit: Discussion entre M. Fr. Bastiat et M. Proudhon. Paris: Librairie du Guillaumin et Cie. <--Available in full view at Google Books: http://books.google.com/books?id=3YwCAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA1&dq=inauthor:Pierre-Joseph+inauthor:Proudhon&as_brr=1 . Translations of Proudhon's side of the correspondence available online at http://dwardmac.pitzer.edu/anarchist_archives/proudhon/ProudhonCW.html .

- - - (1857). Manuel du spéculateur à la Bourse. Paris, Garnier frères. <--PDF format version available online at Gallica: http://gallica.bnf.fr/scripts/ConsultationTout.exe?E=0&O=N200989

- - - (1979). The Principle of Federation. Trans. Richard Vernon. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

- - - (1927). Proudhon’s Solution of the Social Problem. Ed. Henry Cohen. New York: Vanguard Press.

- - - (1969). Selected Writings. Ed. by Stewart Edwards. Trans. by Elizabeth Fraser. Garden City, NY: Anchor Books.

- - - (1888). System of Economical Contradictions; or, The Philosophy of Misery. Trans. Benjamin R. Tucker. Boston, Mass.: B.R. Tucker. <--Note, e.g. in section 5.2.2, the critiques of "free" trade and competition. Available online in facsimile format at http://etext.virginia.edu/toc/modeng/public/ProMise.html .

- - - (1861). Théorie de l'impôt: question mise au concours par le Conseil d'état du canton de Vaud en 1860. Paris: E. Dentu.

- - - (1866). Théorie de la propriété. Paris: A. Lacroix, Verboekhoven et ie.

- - - (1970). What is Property? An Inquiry into the Principle of Right and of Government. Trans. Benjamin R. Tucker. New York: Dover. <--1876 edition available in full view at Google Books: http://books.google.com/books?id=K_8wAAAAMAAJ&pg=PR9&dq=inauthor:Pierre-Joseph+inauthor:Proudhon&as_brr=1 .

Puente, Isaac (1932). Apuntes sobre el comunismo libertario. Barcelona: Bibl. de Tierra y Libertad

- - - (1933). El comunismo anárquico. La sociedad del porvenir. Barcelona: Amor y Voluntad, 1933.

- - - (1932). El comunismo libertario. Sus posibilidades de realización en España. Valencia: Bibl. de Estudios.

- - - (1933). El comunismo libertario. Santander: Juventud Sindicalista.

- - - (1933). Independencia económica, Libertad y Soberanía individual. Barcelona: Rojo y Negro. <--Republished with a prologue by J. Peirats: Vitoria, Asociación Isaac Puente, 1981.

- - - (2001). Libertarian Communism. Tuscon, AZ: See Sharp Press.

<--Summary: "Part One (Countering Prejudice) spells out his understanding of libertarian communism (a society organised without a State and private property rights, to be achieved on the basis of the trade union and free municipality, bodies seen as representing, respectively, the collectivist and the individualist outlooks) and takes the line that the worst feature of society is slavery of which poverty is symptomatic, making the State therefore worse than exploitative capitalism, even if both are the two great blights upon human existence; He also brings out how man aspires to meet his economic needs and remain free, on which basis we reject the communism of the barracks or the herd. That established, Puente proceeds to demolish a series of prejudices commonly held by people (such as regarding capitalism’s crisis as a passing phenomenon, taking libertarian communism to be a simplistic solution such as the ignorant might devise, the belief in the necessity for an intellectual vanguard, crediting anarchism with holding the arts, culture and science in contempt, the inability to frame a new society, giving knowledge the priority over experience, the belief in political leaders and role of politicians as intermediaries).

"Part Two (Economic Organisation of Society) plainly contrasts 'political organisation' with 'trade union organisation' and champions the latter as the one ready to take all society’s wealth into common ownership and to communise the obligation upon every individual to contribute to production insofar as his strength or aptitudes allow. He states that everything not an economic activity or function will remain a matter for individual preference. Among the features he detects in trade union organisation (and contrasts against the political) are: hierarchy from the bottom up, uniform status of all producers, assemblyism, the freedom of every collectivity to look to its own activities and affairs, the transfer of initiative to trades organisations as the realisation of democracy and federalism..

"Part Three (Wealth and Labour) points out the unfairness implicit in the distribution of wealth and work.

"Part Four (Our Country’s Economic Potential) shows that the country does have the potential to survive - he offers a brief break-down of the national economy - in the event of an international boycott, should libertarian communism succeed. He is also confident that the country could stand up to a possible invasion by capitalist powers.

"Part Five (‘Realisation’ of libertarian communism) tackles the question of implementing libertarian communism in country and city; in the case of the cities, he finds the solution to be the activation of the free municipality or commune, governed by its assembly and holding property in common ownership (private property would be acceptable as ‘the usufruct of what every person needs for his consumption and diversion’). In cities, the axis would be the local federation of trade unions, the sovereignty of which is derived from the assemblies of producers. He also states that economic compulsion forces the individual into cooperation, but that such compulsion ought never to come from some supreme committee (the seed-bed of authoritarianism and bureaucracy); he also holds that national industrial federations are appropriate.

"In his Conclusion, he writes that economic compulsion is the cement holding society together and that it should be the only compulsion wielded by the collectivity over the individual; all other activities (cultural, artistic, scientific) should remain beyond the control of the collectivity and in the hands of those groups disposed to pursue and encourage them. It is precisely in those pursuits unconnected with the necessity to work that Puente sees the germ of a new society, the one praised and propagated by anarchism, Once it manages to meet society’s needs, it will render the economic supervision exercised by organisations over individuals quite redundant."

READ [Réseau européen pour l’après-développement] (2002). "Manifeste du Réseau européen pour l’après-développement." Réfractions 9: 123-124. <--On theories of economic development. Online at http://www.plusloin.org/refractions/refractions9/15Reseaueuropeen.pdf .

"Révolution écologique ou catastrophisme industriel." Réfractions 9: 77-79. <--Anonymous manifesto. Online at http://www.plusloin.org/refractions/refractions9/09Manifesteanonyme.pdf .

Richards, Alex (1988). "Eclipse and Re-Emergence of the New Economic Movement." Here & Now 6: ??-??.

Richards, Vernon, ed. (a.k.a. Vero Recchioni) (1983). Why Work?: Arguments for the Leisure Society. London: Freedom Press. <--See especially Richards's own contribution, "Production For Use Versus Production For Profit," a collection of short pieces on economics from 1958-1962 (pp. 155-210).

Rico y Rico, Marcelino (1933). Tierra, trabajo, capital y privilegio. Estudios elementales de economía política y de moral social. Barcelona, Maucci.

Rocker, Rudolf (1937). El nacionalismo, vol. 3: Economía sin capitalismo y Sociedad sin Estado. Barcelona: Tierra y Libertad.

- - - (1980). "Krieg und Wirtschaft." Aufsatzsammlung Band 2, 1949-1953. Frankfurt am Main: Verlag Freie Gesellschaft. ??-??. <--(English: "War and Economics.")

Rui Pinto, Mário (2003). [gaia.org.pt/pipermail/gaia-geral/2004-March/002050.html "Economia Alternativa: algumas experiências."] Revista Utopia 16: ??-??.

Sautarel, Jacques (1898). Lueurs économiques. s.l. ??. <--Also published, at some other date, with Quand égorgerons-nous enfin? (by the same author).

Schecter, Darrow (1994). Radical Theories: Paths Beyond Marxism and Social Democracy. Manchester: Manchester University Press. <--Contains some good close analysis of the economic systems proposed by Proudhon, Bakunin, Guillaume, and others.

Schwartman, Jack (2003). "Ingalls, Hanson, and Tucker: Nineteenth-Century American Anarchists." The American Journal of Economics and Sociology 62.5: 315-342. <--Abstract: "Henry George's economic policies as viewed by three individualist anarchists. The article compares their respecting views on capital, interest, private appropriation of land, rent, sovereign remedy vs liberty, private property, government, patents, & private enterprise."

Senador Gómez, Julio (1931). El impuesto y los pobres. Valencia: Estudios.

Senft, Gerhard G. (1990). Weder Kapitalismus noch Kommunismus: Silvio Gesell und das libertäre Modell der Freiwirtschaft. Berlin: Libertad.

Seymour, Henry (1889). An Examination of the Malthusian Theory. London: ??.

Souchy, Agustin (1938). "El Problema Económico de la Revolución." ''Via Libre'' 3.69: 2.

Stackelberg, Frédéric (1934). "Égalité économique." Encyclopédie anarchiste. Ed. Sébastien Faure. Paris: Librairie internationale. 644-645.

Stamm, Ed (2000). "Thoughts on Co-operative Anarchist Economics." Total Liberty 6: 2-4.

Subtil, Guadalupe (2003). "An-Economics." Revista Utopia 16: ??-??.

- - - (1996). "Nos meandros da economia subterrânea." Revista Utopia 3: ??-??.

Tabor, Ron (2008). "The Economy and Anarchy." The Utopian 7: 5-16.

Tavares, José (1996). "Necessita de dinheiro?" Revista Utopia 3: ??-??.

Tertrais, Jean-Pierre (2004). Du développement à la décroissance. Paris: Editions du Monde Libertaire.

Tucker, Benjamin R. (1998). Anarchist Economics. Montréal: Red Lion Press.

Urales, Federico [a.k.a. Joan Montseny i Carret], and Augustin Hamon (1924). La abolición del dinero. Asunción: Biblioteca de la Agrupación "El Combate". <--An important statement of the anarcho-communist critique of economics.

Vanek, Jan (1972). The Economics of Workers' Management. London: Allen & Unwin.

Vrau, Jules (1853). Proudhon et son système économique. Paris: Ledoyen lib.

Ward, Colin (1973). "A Self-Employed Society [Extract from ''Anarchy in Action''."]

- - - (1988). "Anarchism and the Informal Economy." The Raven 1: ??-??. <--Reprinted in Reinventing Anarchy, Again, ed. Howard J. Ehrlich (Edinburgh, Scotland: AK Press, 1996) 221-233.

Wenzer, Kenneth C. (1997). "Tolstoy’s Georgist Spiritual Political Economy (1897-1910): Anarchism and Land Reform." American Journal of Economics & Sociology 56.4: ??-??. <--Abstract: "Following Lev Nikolaevich Tolstoy’s spiritual crisis in the late 1870s many had come to regard him as a 'crackpot anarchist' espousing odd ideas such as vegetarianism, nonresistance, and a doctrine of love. The death of his friend Henry George in 1897 spurred him on to renewed endeavors. Tolstoy became the world’s most noteworthy exponent of the American’s ideology, which integrated his previously diffuse commitments. Armed with his universal moral and religious beliefs harmoniously and gently forged with Georgist philosophy, he became the conscience of the world. It was a monumental effort to ground justice in a rational economics and spread enlightenment for the benefit of suffering people."