Anarchist Studies Network

A PSA Specialist Group for the Study of Anarchism.

Announcements

ASN members secure £250k research grant from the ESRC. See here

Rowman & Littlefield Int publish two book series by ASN members Saul Newman and Ruth Kinna

Race

Alston, Ashanti, and Chuck Morse (2004). Black Anarchism. Cincinnati, OH: Books 4 Prisoners Crew.

Ashbaugh, Carolyn (1976). Lucy Parsons: American Revolutionary. Chicago: Charles H. Kerr, 1976.

Berneri, Camillo (1986). Mussolini: "Normalizzatore" e Il delirio razzista. Pistoia: Ed. Archivio Famiglia Berneri. <--"Mussolini: 'Normalizer' and The Racist Delirium." Originally pub. 1927; trans. Spanish, 1935.

Cohen, Mark (1998). Review of Uprooting Racism: How White People Can Work for Racial Justice by Paul Kivel. Social Anarchism 25: 71-73.

Collins, Michael (2004). "The Likes of Us: A Biography of the White Working Class." London: Granta, 2004.

Déjacque, Joseph (1860). "Negrophobie." Le Libertaire 3.22: ??-??. <--(In English: "Negrophobia." On the persecution of a white man for the crime of "dealing honestly and as a person with a person of color.")

- - - (1858). "La Nouvelle-Orléans." Le Libertaire 1.3: ??-??. <--A passionate denunciation of New Orleans as a "city of commerce and slavery" with "morals as dirty as [its] streets": "In Louisiana, as elsewhere. . . slavery is murder!"

Delhom, Joël (1997). "Ambiguïtés de la question raciale dans les essais de Manuel González Prada." Les Noirs et le discours identitaire latino-américain. Ed. Victorien Lavou. Perpignan: CRILAUP-Presses Universitaires de Perpignan. 13-39.

Ehrlich, Howard J. (1993). "Los Angeles 1992 -- The Lessons Revisited." Social Anarchism 18: 6-11.

- - - (1985). Review of Sexism, Racism, and Oppression by Arthur Brittan and Mary Maynard. Social Anarchism 10: 52-53.

- - - (1973). The Social Psychology of Prejudice: A Systematic Theoretical Review and Propositional Inventory of the American Social Psychological Study of Prejudice. New York: Wiley.

Ellerby, John (1966). "The White Problem." Anarchy 59: 1-3.

Ervin, Lorenzo Komboa (1994). Anarchism and the Black Revolution, And Other Essays. Philadelphia: Monkeywrench Press. <--Title essay first printed 1979.

Goodman, Paul (1963). "Children of Birmingham." Commentary 36.3: 242-44.

- - - (1963). Letter regarding Norman Podhoretz's "My Negro Problem and Ours." Commentary 35.4: 343.

- - - (1963). "The Only Grounds of Solidarity." Liberation 8.4: 22-23.

- - - (1968). "Reflections on Racism, Spite, Guilt, and Non-Violence." New York Review of Books 10: 18-23. <--Reprinted in Nature Heals: The Psychological Essays of Paul Goodman, ed. Taylor Stoehr (New York: E.P. Dutton, 1977), 118-133.

- - - (1963). "School Segregation in Manhattan." Liberation 8.1: 13-15.

Grave, Jean (1899). Moribund Society and Anarchy. Trans. Voltairine de Cleyre. San Francisco: Free Society Library. <--See especially ch. XV, "There Are No Inferior Races" (102-111). Original French version: La société mourante et l'anarchie (Paris: Tresse & Stock, 1893).

Guérin, Daniel (1956). Negroes on the March: A Frenchman's Report on the American Negro Struggle. New York: Weisman.

- - - (1973). De l'Oncle Tom aux Pantheres: le drame des Noirs americains. Paris: Union generale d'editions.

Home, Gerald (2005). Black and Brown: African Americans and the Mexican Revolution, 1910-1920. New York: NYU Press. <--Interesting observations about the links between Mexican and U.S. anarchists and evolving African-American movements.

Iverson, David (1957). "Deadlock in Little Rock." Broadsheet 1: ??-??. <--An Australian anarchist view of the role of the U.S. government in school integration.

MacInnes, Colin (1966). "More Heat Than Light." Review of Victims of Our Fear, ed. Tina Morris. Anarchy 59: 25-26.

Marestan, Jean (1934). "Lynchage." Encyclopédie anarchiste. Ed. Sébastien Faure. Paris: Librairie internationale. 1342.

Meltzer, Albert (1966). "To Hell With Liberalism." Anarchy 59: 3-8.

Molnar, George (1957). "Integration Issues." Broadsheet 1: ??-??. <--An Australian anarchist view of the role of the U.S. government in school integration.

Mümken, Jürgen (2001). "Sozialstaat und Rassismus oder vom Liberalismus zum Staatsrassismus." Schwarzer Faden 71: ??-?? and 72: ??-??.

Radcliffe, Charles (1966). "Malcolm, Semper Malcolm." Anarchy 67: 276-283.

Salerno, Salvatore (2005). "Paterson’s Italian Anarchist Silk Workers and the Politics of Race." Working USA 8.5: 611-625. <--Abstract: "The article explores how first generation Italian immigrant radicals looked at race as well as their involvement in struggles for national liberation. Italian American anarchist silk workers based in Paterson, New Jersey became part of the Industrial Workers of the World foreign translational network of mixed locals in 1906. In Paterson, the group pioneered multiethnic forms of organizing. Such community-based multiethnic and racial strategies are typically associated with the Congress of Industrial Organization in the 1930s and the English-speaking second generation of industrial workers. In fact, these organizational forms were prevalent with “Latin” first generation immigrants who played important roles as pioneers of the new unionism. This article also challenges the dominant way Italian immigrant radicalism has been portrayed."

Soboul, Edith (2004). "Sur le voile, le féminisme, la laïcité et les lois d’exclusion." Alternative libertaire 128: 12-13.

Soubeyran, Elie (1934). "Races." Encyclopédie anarchiste. Ed. Sébastien Faure. Paris: Librairie internationale. 2261-2262.

van der Walt, Lucien (2004). "Bakunin's Heirs In South Africa: Race and Revolutionary Syndicalism From the IWW to the International Socialist League, 1910-21." Politikon: South African Journal of Political Studies 31.1: 67-89.

- - - (2003). "Inter-Racial Workers' Solidarity in South Africa." The Journal of African History 44.1: 145-194.

- - - (2004). "Reflections on Race and Anarchism in South Africa, 1904-2004." Perspectives on Anarchist Theory 8.1: ??-??.

Villard, René (1967). Face au racisme et au néo-nazisme. Toulouse: A.I.T.

Voline [Vsevolod Mikhailovich Eichenbaum] (1934). "Antisemitisme." Encyclopédie anarchiste. Ed. Sébastien Faure. Paris: Librairie internationale. 98-104.

Ward, Philip (1966). "Black Marks in the Classroom." Anarchy 59: 8-12. <--On racism in the British school system.

White, Roger (2004). ''Post-Colonial Anarchism: Essays on Race, Repression and Culture in Communities of Color, 1999-2004''. Oakland, CA: Jailbreak Press.

Wieck, David Thoreau (1958). "Report from Little Rock." Liberation (Oct.): 4-9.

Wong, Jane Mee (2008). "Pingshe: Retrieving an Asian American Anarchist Tradition." Amerasia Journal 34.1 (Spring): 133-152.

Ethnicity

Berman, Jessica Schiff (2006). Modernist Fiction, Cosmopolitanism and the Politics of Community. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Biagni, Furio (1999). "El anarquismo en el pueblo judío." Raíces: revista judía de cultura 38: 17-18.

Crespo Flores, Carlos (2007). "'Respeto tu cultura, pero no te metas con la mía': Para una crítica del racismo en Bolivia." ''Revista Libertaria'' 1: 53-62.

Déjacque, Joseph (1858). "Conflit à la Nouvelle-Orléans." Le Libertaire 1.1: ??-??. <--On the rise of vigilantism and "Know-Nothingism."

Graur, Mina (1997). An Anarchist "Rabbi": The Life and Teachings of Rudolf Rocker. New York: St. Martin's Press. <--Rocker, a German Gentile, became an integral part of the Yiddish-speaking anarchist movement in London -- a striking feat of cultural self-translation.

Lazare, Bernard (1995). Antisemitism: Its History and Causes. Trans. ??. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press. <--Often found on antisemitic websites, where it is exhibited as an example of a Jew denouncing Jews as responsible for and meriting their own ill-treatment by Gentiles (by being insular, etc.). This is indeed the tenor of the first part of the book, written during a period when Lazare considered himself to be not an ethnically distinct "Jew" but an "Israelite," i.e., emphasizing his status as an assimilated French national (he boasted that his family had lived in France since Roman times). The second part, however, reflecting a profound shift in Lazare's sensibility, reads antisemitism as a symptom of (and substitute for) class struggle, "one of the last, though most long lived, manifestations of that old spirit of reaction and narrow conservatism, which is vainly attempting to arrest the onward movement of the Revolution."

- - - (1898). Comment on condamne un innocent: l'acte d'accusation contre le capitaine Dreyfus. Paris: P.-V. Stock, 1898. <--See Une erreur judiciaire, below.

- - - (1896). Contre l'antisémitisme: histoire d'une polémique. Paris: P.-V. Stock.

- - - (1897). Une erreur judiciaire; l'affaire Dreyfus. Deuxieme memoire avec des expertises d'ecritures de MM. Crepieux-Jamin [et al.]. Paris: P.-V. Stock. <--Lazare's pamphlet exposing the railroading of Captain Alfred Dreyfus, opening the Dreyfus Affair that would consume France and give new impetus to the nascent Zionist movement.

- - - (1992). Juifs et antisemites. Ed. Philippe Oriol. Paris: Editions Allia.

Oriol, Philippe (2003). Bernard Lazare. Paris: Stock.

Rocker, Rudolf (1937). Nationalism and Culture. Trans. Ray E. Chase. New York: Covici-Friede. <--An attempt to divorce a positive conception of "culture" from statist and fascist conceptions of the "nation."

- - - (1923). "Antisemitismus und Judenpogrome." Der Syndikalist 5.47: ??-??.

Westall, Jeremy (1964). "An Anarchist In Africa." Anarchy 44: 315-319.

Wilson, Nelly (1978). Bernard-Lazare: Antisemitism and the Problem of Jewish Identity in Late Nineteenth-Century France. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Colonialism and national struggles

Anderson, Benedict (2005). Under Three Flags: Anarchism and the Anti-Colonial Imagination. London: Verso. <--Traces links between the Spanish anarchist movement circa 1898 and anticolonial movements in Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines.

Baudouin, Axel and Hilary Green (2004). "Reclus, A Colonialist?" Cybergeo: Epistémologie, Histoire, Didactique 239. <--Abstract: "The geographer and anarchist Elisée Reclus is considered as one of the foremost anti colonialists of his time. When analyzing his writings, several authors were unable to ignore the fact that even when he criticized colonization methods, Reclus was nevertheless an advocate of colonization. This paper attempts to review the issue by using archive material and publications and by looking once more at Elisée Reclus’s stance in the second half of the 19th century, together with other critics of colonial events from other political backgrounds. In spite of his criticism and humanism, it is clearly documented that throughout his life, Reclus was a dedicated partisan of colonization, even if his view was a 'democratic' and somewhat idealized version.

Boulouque, Sylvain (2003). Les anarchistes français face aux guerres coloniales: 1945-1962. Lyon: Atelier de création libertaire.

- - - (1997). "Les Anarchistes et les soulèvements coloniaux." L'homme et la société 123-124: ??-??.

- - - (??). "Les Anarchistes, le sionisme et la naissance de l’État d’Israël." <--English translation in Social Anarchism ??.

- - - (1994). "Saïl Mohammed, un anarchiste algérien en France." Migrance 3: ??-??.

Boussinot, Ch. (1934). "Nation." Encyclopedie anarchiste. Ed. Sébastien Faure. Paris: Librairie internationale. 1762-1764.

- - - (1934). "Protectorat (et colonialisation)." Encyclopedie anarchiste. Ed. Sébastien Faure. Paris: Librairie internationale. 2219-2224.

Casanovas, Joan (1998). Bread, or Bullets!: Urban Labor and Spanish Colonialism in Cuba, 1850-1898. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.

Daniel, Jean and Jean-Paul Samson (1963). "Sur l’Algérie." Témoins 33: ??-??.

Dolgoff, Sam (1981). Third World Nationalism and the State. Regina, Sask., Canada: Regina ACF.

Freedom Press (1954). Colonialism on Trial: Selected articles from the anarchist journal "Freedom". London: Freedom Press.

Freedom Press (1960). The Tragedy of Africa: Selected articles from the anarchist journal "Freedom", v. 10. London: Freedom Press.

Goldman, Maurice (1962). "Anarchism and the African." Anarchy 16: 179-182. <--Argues that the Israeli kibbutz might form a better model for a future African society than the Western metropolis.

González Prada, Manuel (2002). "Our Indians." Free Pages and Hard Times: Anarchist Musings. Trans. David Sobrevilla. New York: Oxford University Press. 181-194. <--Unfinished essay, dated 1904.

Grave, Jean (1912). La Colonisation. Paris: Temps nouveaux.

Grave, Jean, ed. (1903). Patriotisme, colonisation. Avec une préf. d'Elisée Reclus. Paris: Temps nouveaux.

Guérin, Daniel (1965). L'Algérie caporalisee? Suite de "l'Algérie qui se cherche." Paris: C.E.S.

- - - (1956). L'Algérie n’a jamais été la France. Paris: L'auteur. <--Guérin's address to a Jan. 27 meeting in Paris of the Comité d'action des intellectuels contre la poursuite de la guerre en Afrique du Nord.

- - - (1964). L'Algérie qui se cherche. Paris: Presence Africaine.

- - - (1956). Les Antilles décolonisées. Paris: Presence Africaine. <--with an introduction by the poet Aimé Césaire.

- - - (1975). Les Assassins de Ben Barka: dix ans d'enquete. Paris: G. Authier. <--Revised, updated ed. issued in 1982 under the title Ben Barka, ses assassins: seize ans d'enquete (Paris: Plon).

- - - (1954). Au service des colonises, 1930-1953. Paris: Les Éditions de Minuit.

- - - (1973). Ci-git le colonialisme; Algérie, Inde, Indochine, Madagascar, Maroc, Palestine, Polyneisie, Tunisie. Temoignage militant. Paris: Mouton.

- - - (1968). Cuba-Paris. Paris: L'auteur.

- - - (1963). Decolonisation du noir americain. Paris: Éditions de Minuit.

- - - (1961). The West Indies and Their Future. London: D. Dobson.

- - - (1979). Quand l'Algérie s'insurgeait, 1954-1962: un anticolonialiste temoigne. Claix: Pensée sauvage.

Halbrook, Stephen P. (1972). "Anarchism and Revolution in Black Africa." The Journal of Contemporary Revolutions 4.1: ??-??.

Hart, Kathleen (2002). "Oral Culture and AntiColonialism in Louise Michel's Memoires (1886) and Legendes et chants de gestes canaques (1885)." Nineteenth Century French Studies 30.1-2: 107-120.

Hebditch, Simon (1970). "Mozambique: The Achilles Heel." Anarchy 112: 177-181.

Hodges, Paul (1970). "Liberating Guiné." Anarchy 112: 192-196.

Jannaway, Richard (1970). "Zimbabwe (Rhodesia)." Anarchy 112: 169-177.

Joyeux, Maurice (1974). Les Anarchistes et la Guerre en Palestine. Paris: Éditions La Rue.

Lapeyre, A. (1934). "Indigène." Encyclopedie anarchiste. Ed. Sébastien Faure. Paris: Librairie internationale. 980.

- - - (1934). "Nationalisme." Encyclopedie anarchiste. Ed. Sébastien Faure. Paris: Librairie internationale. 1765-1766.

Lazare, Bernard (1990). Le fumier de Job. Strasbourg: Circé; Arles: Diffusion, Harmonia Mundi. <--Includes an essay by Hannah Arendt, "Herzl et Lazare." First edition published 1928.

- - - (1992). Juifs et antisemites. Ed. Philippe Oriol. Paris: Editions Allia.

- - - (1898). ''Le Nationalisme juif''. Paris: Stock.

- - - , and Charles Péguy (1948). Job's Dungheap; Essays on Jewish Nationalism and Social Revolution. Trans. Harry Lorin Binsse. New York: Schocken Books. <--Essays by Bernard Lazare, with a "portrait" of the author by his friend, Charles Péguy.

Leighten, Patricia (1990). "The White Peril and l'Art Nègre: Picasso, Primitivism, and Anticolonialism." The Art Bulletin 72.4: 609-630. <--Fascinating analysis of the ways in which anticolonialism figured not only in Picasso's paintings, but also in the graphic art produced by a whole circle of committed anarchist artists in fin-de-siècle Paris. Reprinted in Race-ing Art History, ed. Kymberly Pinder (New York: Routledge, 2002).

Loréal, Louis (1934). "Impérialisme." Encyclopédie anarchiste. Ed. Sébastien Faure. Paris: Librairie internationale. 962-964.

Louzon, Robert (1998). Cent ans de capitalisme en Algérie, 1830-1930: histoire de la conquête coloniale. La Bussière: Acratie.

Marchant, Douglas (1970). "Angola." Anarchy 112: 181-186.

- - - "Southern Africa." Anarchy 112: 161-169.

Martin, Marie [a.k.a. Marianne Enckell] (1966). "Frantz Fanon: La décolonisation dans la violence." Anarchisme & non-violence 4: ??-??.

Mbah, Sam, and I.E. Igariwey (2001). African Anarchism: The History of a Movement. Tucson, AZ: See Sharp Press.

Mohamed, Saïl, and Sylvain Boulouque (1994). Appels aux travailleurs algériens. Antony: Fédération anarchiste, Groupe Fresnes-Antony.

Montero Díaz, Santiago (1931). ''Los separatismos''. Valencia: Cuadernos de Cultura.

Mühsam, Erich (1929). "Der Kampf in Palästina." Fanal, Anarchistische Monatszeitschrift 3.12: 287.

Retté, Adolphe (1896). ''Promenades Subversives''. Paris: Bibliothèque Artistique et Littéraire. <--A collection of fragments which bears witness, among other things, to the ways in which anticolonialism figured in anarchist rhetoric in the 1890s, as Retté relativizes "civilization" and "savagery."

Rocker, Rudolf (1980). "Der Nationalismus -- eine Gefahrenquelle!" Aufsatzsammlung Band 2, 1949-1953. Frankfurt am Main: Verlag Freie Gesellschaft. 60-??. <--(English: "Nationalism -- A Source of Danger!") Originally in Die freie Gesellschaft 3.?? (1952), pp. ??-??. Argues that nascent Arab nationalism should be seen as an "artificial" phenomenon, the product of "the foreign policy of rival European powers," rather than as a popular movement; sees the East as developing, under Western pressures, into a "powder keg" comparable to the Balkans prior to WWI.

- - - (1919). "Das nationale Einheitsphantom." Der Syndikalist 1.24: ??-??. <--(English: "The Phantom of National Unity.")

Rupp, Marie-Joëlle (2007). Serge Michel : un libertaire dans la décolonisation. Paris: Ibis.

Semela, Selby et al. (1979). ''Reflections on the Black Consciousness Movement and the South African Revolution''. Berkeley: ??.

Sommermeyer, Pierre, and Mfika (2001). "Un Africain face à l'anarchisme, l'anarchisme face à un Africain." Réfractions 7: ??-??.

Soubeyran, Elie (1934). "Nation." Encyclopedie anarchiste. Ed. Sébastien Faure. Paris: Librairie internationale. 1764-1765.

Spence, Martin (1978). National Liberation and State Power: An Anarchist Critique of the MPLA in Angola. Newcastle upon Tyne: Black Jake Collective.

Spielmann, Victor (1922). Colonisation et question indigène en Algérie: 1re partie, critique du rapport Vallet sur la colonisation de 1830 à 1921; 2e partie, commentaires sur le rapport Mercier Vallet. Alger: Impr. du prolétariat.

- - - (1934). Le droit à la cité algérienne. Alger: Éditions du Trait-d'union.

- - - (1938). L'Émir Khaled, son action politique et sociale en Algérie de 1920 à 1923. Alger: Trait d'union.

- - - (1930). En Algérie: le centenaire au point de vue indigène. Paris: Groupe de propagande par la brochure.

- - - (1930). Les événements de Palestine: vus par un Nord-Africain. Orleans: Imprimerie Coopérative "La Laborieuse."

- - - (1935). Les évènements de Constantine et le problème indigène algérien. Alger: Éditions du Trait-d'Union.

- - - (1930). L'Expropriation des Ouled-Dieb par M. Barris du Penher, vice-président du conseil supérieur de l’Algérie. Alger: Trait d'union.

- - - (1928). Les Grands domaines nord-africains: comment et pourquoi on colonise. Alger: Trait d'union.

- - - (1923). La Question indigène en Algérie, II: critiques et commentaires de l'étude du problème de l'entente et de la coopération des races. Alger: Impr. du prolétariat.

- - - (1924). La Réforme de la magistrature musulmane. Alger: V. Spielmann.

- - - (1931). La tribu des Hachem: expropriation de 50.000 hectares de terre, ou, un apect de la propriété indigène. Paris: Bidault.

- - - (1922). Une Page d’histoire algérienne et la question indigène en 1922. Alger: Impr. du prolétariat.

Van der Walt, Lucien (2002). "Pour une Histoire de l'Anti-impérialisme Anarchiste: dans cette lutte, seuls les ouvriers et les paysans iront jusqu' au bout." Réfractions 8: ??-??.

- - - (2004). "'Sifuna Zonke!' ('Nous voulons tout!'): une histoire de syndicalisme révolutionnaire en Afrique du Sud." Afrique 21.3: ??-??.

- - - , and Michael Schmidt (2007). Black Flame: The Revolutionary Class Politics of Anarchism and Syndicalism. Volume 1 of Counter Power: New Perspectives on Global Anarchism and Syndicalism. Edinburgh: AK Press. <--Publisher's blurb: "Black Flame is the first of two volumes that reexamine anarchism’s democratic class politics, its vision of a decentralized planned economy, and its impact on popular struggles in five continents over the last 150 years. From the nineteenth century to today’s anticapitalist movements, it traces anarchism’s lineage and contemporary relevance. It outlines anarchism’s insights into questions of race, gender, class, and imperialism, significantly reframing the work of previous historians on the subject, and critiquing Marxist approaches to those same questions."

- - - (2008). Global Fire: 150 Fighting Years of International Anarchism and Syndicalism. Volume 2 of Counter Power: New Perspectives on Global Anarchism and Syndicalism. Edinburgh: AK Press. <--Publisher's blurb: "This is the second of two volumes reexamining the history of anarchism in both theory and practice. Focusing on anarchism’s global impact —- on five continents over 150 years —- this is the most complete and detailed scholarly book on the topic."

Vigné d'Octon, Paul [a.k.a. Paul Vigné] (1890). Au pays des fétiches. Paris: A. Lemerre.

- - - (1934). "Colonie, Colonisation." Encyclopédie anarchiste. Ed. Sébastien Faure. Paris: Librairie internationale. 366.

- - - (1911). La Sueur du burnous: les crimes coloniaux de la IIIe République. Paris: Guerre sociale.

Westall, Jeremy (1966). "Background to the Rhodesian Situation." Anarchy 62: 117-119.

- - - (1966). "Torture in South Africa." Anarchy 64: 190-192.

- - - (1966). "The White Problem in Rhodesia." Anarchy 59: 12-22.

Wolfin, Adrian (1970). "South West Africa." Anarchy 112: 187-191.

Yee, Jennifer (2002). "Malaria and the Femme Fatale: Sex and Death in French Colonial Africa." Literature and Medicine 21.2: 201-215. <--Abstract: "Paul-Étienne Vigné (1859-1943), a doctor with the French colonial army and then a politician, is remembered as a very early anti-colonialist. During his lifetime he was also known as a novelist writing under the pseudonym Vigné d’Octon. His novels from the 1880s and 1890s reveal a fantasized, intensely sexual Africa where hapless French soldiers perish of malarial fever caught not from a mosquito-borne parasite but from contact with African women. Yet the deaths of these young men are not seen as the result of a contagious sexual disease but as a direct consequence of their having overstepped the natural boundaries between the races. Thus a fundamentally racialist view, according to which humanity was divided into incompatible strands whose meeting could only endanger the individuals involved, was the theoretical basis of Vigné d’Octon’s novels. It was also - paradoxically – the foundation of his anti-colonialist politics."